Next year will be key for electoral automation. Not only will pioneering countries in e-voting consolidate their position as axis of modern suffrage, but other nations will also apply pilot tests or carry out elections with the support of electoral technology, thus setting a milestone in the process of e-voting expansion.
Seven Latin American countries are hoping to abandon manual voting in the upcoming three years in order to consolidate automated voting systems that provide security, speed, and transparency.
First of all, Bolivia and several districts in Argentina —each region in the country is autonomous to decide what system to use— will implement different automation models in 2015. In Bolivia, the Supreme Electoral Court (TSE) announced that it expected to use e-voting during the regional elections taking place in April in the smallest townships of each province. This would be the first step toward the transformation of the electoral system.
Argentina’s deployment includes regions such as Carlos Paz in Córdoba, Río Negro, Tucumán y Neuquén. These regions have been making separate efforts to reach the goal of e-voting implemenation. Some other provinces (e.g., Salta) have already implemented e-voting partially.
The Cordoba districts of Río Negro and Neuquén have disclosed some details about their automated systems. Carlos Paz aims at automating “the political party and candidate registry, vote emission, vote recount, and the transmission of results,” while Río Negro, which has already used technology designed by Altec (a state-run firm), hopes to test automation models used in other nations. Finally, Neuquén approved the use of paper receipts in its machines.
In 2016, Costa Rica, Peru, Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico will begin to automate their systems. Costa Rica conducted tests on its e-voting model last April. The system is similar to the one used in other countries of the region, such as the US and Venezuela, as it is uses touchscreen devices where each voter can press on his or her preferred option and the device prints a vote receipt to confirm the voter’s selection.
Meanwhile, Peru designed its own system, but the lack of resources to disseminate its application has held back the implementation process. The country’s capital, Lima, will hold an election in 2016 under this model, which involves the use of a card that activates the voting session when introduced in the machine. Voters press on their preferred option, the system stores the vote, and the process ends with the emission of a paper vote receipt.
Puerto Rico also plans to automate its elections in 2016, while Dominican Republic has reached an agreement with Venezuela regarding the rental of their voting machines to carry out a pilot test conducive to the adoption of electoral technology.
The cycle will be closed by Ecuador, which held a binding e-voting test last February and experimented with three different automation models. After the success of this event, it has agreed to automate elections for half of the country in 2017.