The electoral reform carried out by Mexico—approved by the General Electoral Institution and Procedure Law—seeks not only to strengthen the country’s electoral system, but also to close the gap in electoral technology makes the country fall behind other Latin American nations.
The path to change became evident this week, when the new National Electoral Institute (INE) scheduled the beginning of the 2014-2015 federal electoral process for next October 7th. This process includes elections in 18 out of the country’s 31 states.
The electoral process will be illustrative of what Mexican elections will be like from now on. Legal changes left INE in charge of most decisions regarding this subject, which means that each state will set up its own elections under rules based on the federal entity’s decisions instead of local laws currently in force. One of the most important aspects in this sense will be the use of electoral technology.
Under the new law, INE will execute the arrangement allowing Mexicans living abroad to vote in the country’s consulates as well as online or by mail.
The decision to automate suffrage for Mexicans living abroad opens the possibility for Mexico to level up with other Latin American countries that have ample experience in e-voting, as it will be possible to advance from this step towards the complete implementation of e-voting within the country.
Mexico has set a three-year deadline to complete the process of implementation of the new technology—scheduled for 2018—, but the authorities expect to use the 2015 regional elections to carry out e-voting tests conducive to its formal implementation. Some regions are already pressing INE to hasten the process, as they were already advanced in the use of technology and they do not want their implementation processes to fall behind.
In addition to this plan, INE’s General Council approved the design of a system that will enable “online accounting for political parties and candidates.” INE’s General Executive Board will be in charge of creating and setting forth an application enabling organization accountability.
These are the first steps for Mexico to leave manual voting in order to level up with other nations in the region that have an automated, safe, and reliable electoral system. The country has made some mistakes in the past—a much questioned tender process for the purchase of technology in Jalisco—, but these can be used as lessons learned to keep automation transparent.