The Democratic Republic of the Congo continues to fail in its elections


Elecciones Congo

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, things have not been going well in electoral matters for a long time, and the elections of December 30, 2018 were not the exception. Rather, they proved that without a suitable protocol for technology adoption, there is no way the will of the people gets to be respected.

In that sense, the General Elections at the end of the year continue to yield bad news, because one of the presidential candidates, Martin Fayulu, who finished second in the contest, cried fraud hardly more than two weeks after the event, in which machines were used to vote.

The politician argued before the Constitutional Court that the results were tampered with. While the complaint is investigated, it must be said that this electoral process started rather badly, and unfortunately ended the same way.

Last year, the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) contracted directly, that is, without bidding, with the South Korean company Miru System, Ltd to provide 110,000 voting machines. The devices provided by the Korean firm suffered serious problems during Election Day by the end of December, and in addition they did not manage to deliver the results in time, and neither in a transparent and safe form, because it was only after several days had passed that the results were revealed, which today have been passed as valid.

Miru System Ltd is a company with limited electoral experience, so it was counterproductive and out of the norm to opt in favor of a company that could not prove it was capable of preserving the integrity of the vote. Today, it is being investigated in its own country for alleged cases of bribes.

This decision was expensive for the country, for example The electoral mission of the Catholic Church reported serious incidents, as 38% of the more than 40,000 polling stations observed were missing various electoral materials, in fact even after the election was well advanced there were still many cases of missing supplies.

Another element of very negative impact on the voting process is that 23% of the observers of the Catholic Church testified that the voting had to be stopped at some point during the electoral meeting, due to flaws in the voting machines.

Given this situation, it is necessary for the authorities to consider taking vital steps to meet the challenge of giving a turn to the way in which the vote is exercised. No guarantees will be in excess, on the contrary, being exhaustive will be helpful to shield the implementation process, and therefore the electronic voting model selected.

Among the most repeated recommendations of the experts is adopting the new technology facing the country while covering all stages (establishment of the legal regulatory framework, the search and selection of the most convenient system, fair and thorough bidding, full testing,), so that absolutely no aspects of the project stays hidden from the public’s scrutiny.

In turn, It is essential to bring forward a tender complying with the highest standards- -something which was not fulfilled in the case of the Congo with the Miru Systems company. It is essential that an international summons of electoral technology vendors be made, so they may prove their experience in the field and that they are capable of furnishing and supporting a flexible electronic voting model meeting the legal, technical, financial, and even idiosyncratic needs of the nation.

Another aspect to consider is that when starting the search and comparison of offers, it is essential to evaluate the local reigning infrastructure and any limitations that may arise (electric, telephone and data services, communication channels, among others); as well as evaluate the sustainability of the automated model (applicability over time).

There are some other vital aspects, such as the need to apply pilot runs that test the the selected model’s reliability and degree of adaptation to the characteristics of the country, and whether it is auditable.

In the Congo none of these recommendations were heeded, so as long as the mistakes are not corrected, and until the selection of technology responds clearly to the nation’s interest to acquire a system that guarantees the security, secrecy and transparency of the vote, electors will not be able to benefit from the main advantages of electronic voting, namely, to be secure, fast and auditable.

 

The World will live through 93 elections this year 2019


2019 began with elections in Hong Kong, the first of the 93 voting processes that the world will experience throughout the new year. According to the logkept by the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), more than 80 countries will go to the polls to elect presidents, congresses, or regional and local authorities.

Of the 93 electoral processes that will take place, Africa and Europe concentrate the most, since 29 nations of the first and 28 of the second will hold elections. In the Americas there will be 16 territories where elections will be held in 2019, in Asia there will be 11 and in Oceania an additional 10.

The first nation to hold elections in the region will be El Salvador. On February 3 the country will vote to elect a President and a Vice President, but according to José Simeón Cañas, rector of the Central American University (UCA), only one in three voters has some confidence and is interested in the process.

Nicaragua and Ecuador will go to the polls in March, 3 and 24, respectively. The first nation faces the challenge of running regional elections in the midst of a political crisis that has left several dead and detainees, in addition to the aggravation of maintaining a system that has only brought serious problems in various processes, such as in 2012 and 2016, when manual elections yielded unreliable results.

At the same time Ecuador, which will hold local elections, hopes to offer quick (preliminary) results. For this, it has planned to repeat the manual voting model, digitization of precinct counts and online broadcasting of results, that has been used for several years. However, we must remember that instead of advancing a transparent process of technology acquisition, since 2018 this nation uses Korean loaned equipment for the digitization and transmission of precinct counts.

May 5 will see Panama go out to vote in General Elections. This event will show how the lack of commitment from the authorities prevents the e-voting model tested in 2014, designed by the Electoral Tribunal (ET), from being adopted. It reproduces characteristics of systems already tested in other countries, so the experiment was successful, but to date the same manual voting method that receives ample criticism and promotes distrust will be maintained.

Mexico will vote again after last year’s Presidential Elections. On June 2 there will be regional and local elections in five states. The authorities have the challenge of overcoming the failures in the tallying and publication of results processes that occurred in 2018. In that sense, efforts should be directed to achieve a single counting mechanism in the medium term, since it currently uses three different methods, and only the one delivered a week after the election is considered official.

The reasons for moving forward in adopting a single, safe and transparent model, is that in the past presidential election the mechanisms that deliver unofficial results data was flawed. In the case of rapid counting, uncertainty reigned for days for the other 18,000 posts in dispute, while the Preliminary Electoral Results Program (Prep), confronted serious problems, generating violence and distrust in various regions.

Guatemala he will also vote in June for all the posts: President, Vice President, 158 deputies to Congress, 20 to the Central American Parliament and 340 municipal corporations. This country will have to reverse the negative results of its most recent elections in 2015, when a “technical tie“, between the second and third presidential candidates prevented the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) from clearing up doubts about who would appear as contenders in the ballot. Violence marred the democratic day on that occasion.

Colombia, Uruguay, Argentina, Bolivia and Haiti will complete the 2019 electoral program in October.

In Nueva Granada, Colombia. will hold elections on October 27 to elect the Governors of the 32 departments, Deputies of the Departmental Assemblies, Mayors of 1099 municipalities, Municipal Councilors and Local Administrative Board Councilors of the national territory.

On this occasion, Colombians will still not employ electronic voting either. Although the Legislation is already in place, there has been no motivation to implement it. In this way, voters will return to the polls with the uncertainty of whether the null votes, identity theft, manual counting and other shortcomings of ancient voting methods will impair the elections. Bolivia and Haiti will have to make do under the same circumstances.

In Argentina, the presidential, regional and legislative elections will occupy a good part of the year. The calendar is bulky, but lack of definition, political conflict and lack of interest have delayed the implementation of an automated system for the Federal Elections. This country requires a revision of its voting model, and also a sustained, serious work on the part of its authorities to overcome the shortcomings that often tarnish the voting events.

In view of this recount, it is guaranteed that 2019 will be a year full of electoral challenges for many nations. However, elections in Latin America represent a great opportunity for technology, because in the near future several countries will have to decide between advancing or remaining prostrate to technical-electoral obsolescence.