In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, things have not been going well in electoral matters for a long time, and the elections of December 30, 2018 were not the exception. Rather, they proved that without a suitable protocol for technology adoption, there is no way the will of the people gets to be respected.
In that sense, the General Elections at the end of the year continue to yield bad news, because one of the presidential candidates, Martin Fayulu, who finished second in the contest, cried fraud hardly more than two weeks after the event, in which machines were used to vote.
The politician argued before the Constitutional Court that the results were tampered with. While the complaint is investigated, it must be said that this electoral process started rather badly, and unfortunately ended the same way.
Last year, the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) contracted directly, that is, without bidding, with the South Korean company Miru System, Ltd to provide 110,000 voting machines. The devices provided by the Korean firm suffered serious problems during Election Day by the end of December, and in addition they did not manage to deliver the results in time, and neither in a transparent and safe form, because it was only after several days had passed that the results were revealed, which today have been passed as valid.
Miru System Ltd is a company with limited electoral experience, so it was counterproductive and out of the norm to opt in favor of a company that could not prove it was capable of preserving the integrity of the vote. Today, it is being investigated in its own country for alleged cases of bribes.
This decision was expensive for the country, for example The electoral mission of the Catholic Church reported serious incidents, as 38% of the more than 40,000 polling stations observed were missing various electoral materials, in fact even after the election was well advanced there were still many cases of missing supplies.
Another element of very negative impact on the voting process is that 23% of the observers of the Catholic Church testified that the voting had to be stopped at some point during the electoral meeting, due to flaws in the voting machines.
Given this situation, it is necessary for the authorities to consider taking vital steps to meet the challenge of giving a turn to the way in which the vote is exercised. No guarantees will be in excess, on the contrary, being exhaustive will be helpful to shield the implementation process, and therefore the electronic voting model selected.
Among the most repeated recommendations of the experts is adopting the new technology facing the country while covering all stages (establishment of the legal regulatory framework, the search and selection of the most convenient system, fair and thorough bidding, full testing,), so that absolutely no aspects of the project stays hidden from the public’s scrutiny.
In turn, It is essential to bring forward a tender complying with the highest standards- -something which was not fulfilled in the case of the Congo with the Miru Systems company. It is essential that an international summons of electoral technology vendors be made, so they may prove their experience in the field and that they are capable of furnishing and supporting a flexible electronic voting model meeting the legal, technical, financial, and even idiosyncratic needs of the nation.
Another aspect to consider is that when starting the search and comparison of offers, it is essential to evaluate the local reigning infrastructure and any limitations that may arise (electric, telephone and data services, communication channels, among others); as well as evaluate the sustainability of the automated model (applicability over time).
There are some other vital aspects, such as the need to apply pilot runs that test the the selected model’s reliability and degree of adaptation to the characteristics of the country, and whether it is auditable.
In the Congo none of these recommendations were heeded, so as long as the mistakes are not corrected, and until the selection of technology responds clearly to the nation’s interest to acquire a system that guarantees the security, secrecy and transparency of the vote, electors will not be able to benefit from the main advantages of electronic voting, namely, to be secure, fast and auditable.