Honduras moves past electoral malpractice


Source: laprensa.hn

Source: laprensa.hn

Honduras is one of the democracies in Latin America that has a large number of violence related problems.  The national authorities, in addition to presenting plans to lower the crime rate, have also focused on offering the country more and better electoral guarantees, knowing that transparent elections are a synonym of peace and trust on democracy.

After two years of announcements, the Congress of Honduras finally began discussion rounds with the country’s 10 political parties to initiate an electoral reform facing the 2017 general elections.

In light of these debates, the nation is aiming for ambitious changes, given that the modifications being discussed are all on a large scale: setting limits to presidential re-election, getting citizens involved to work at the polls; controlling campaign financing through a Law for Financing, Transparency and Control; establishing a second voting round, approving the election of deputies by district, and expanding the representation of political parties at the Supreme Electoral Court (TSE) and the National People Registry.

These aspects are not the only ones; adding to the topics of organization, control and logistics, the parties have expressed that the nation must modernize its voting system through e-voting.

The request comes from the fact that Hondurans have had to endure and resign themselves to failures during almost every past voting event, as well as the vices characteristic to manual voting: delays in the delivery of results, numerical inconsistencies, flaws in the statements of vote, double voting, etc. These anomalies have plagued even the latest presidential elections.

Three years ago, the Supreme Electoral Court set in motion a procedure for the transmission of electoral results, but the inadequacy of the selected method did away with its goals, and the delivery of results was delayed yet again, hurting the electorate’s trust.

This scenario does not need to repeat itself if Congress keeps focusing on improving Honduran electoral practices.  Its president Mauricio Oliva stated that after the first debate there was enough information gathered to begin a second round of discussions, where a consensus should be reached.

Although negotiations still have a long way to go, it is a positive fact that this nation can discuss the options offered by technology to anchor democratic stability through a modern voting system. Electronic voting has been useful to resolve highly polarized elections, and has been remarkably successful in cases of demanding elections, e.g. with a complex infrastructure, close results and hundreds of simultaneous races, while delivering results that are proven beyond doubt.

Elections in Venezuela: How are ballots cast? How are votes safeguarded?


regio1

In Venezuela, voting is 100% automated, and it includes voting machines and electronic ballots. Photo: Mercadeo y Negocios.

Next December 6th, 19,496,296 Venezuelans will exert their right to vote to elect 167 deputies to the National Assembly. Although voters in this country already have 12 years of experience in e-voting, it’s always a good idea to become familiar with the voting process and electoral guarantees for this occasion.

This time, the National Electoral Council (CNE) has activated 14,515 polling centers, in which 40,601 polling stations with voting machines and biometric identification devices will be used.

Venezuela’s electoral process is 100% automatic. Voting, tallying, and aggregation are carried out through electronic means. Besides, results are encrypted and transmitted through a network provided by CANTV, the state telecommunication company.

Six steps will take place in each polling station to complete the voting process:

 

  1. Information

Polling centers with three or more polling stations will have a Voter Information Station. In it, an operator will provide each voter with information about his or her polling station number after checking his or her ID. Also, information will be provided about the page and line in the voting registry where the voter will need to sign and stamp his or her fingerprint.

  1. Voter verification

Throughout the country, 40,601 machines will be deployed for validating voters’ fingerprints. Upon arrival, each voter will have to produce his or her ID document to a polling station member, who will record the ID data into the Integrated Authentication System (SAI), which includes the biometric device. The device will then capture the voter’s fingerprint to verify his or her identity and activate the voting machine.

  1. Voting

After the identity verification phase is finished, the voter will go to the voting booth, which houses the voting machine and the electronic ballot. The voter must press on sectors corresponding to the choices he or she must make according to his or her precinct, or press on the “select all” Option. After this process is complete, the vote will be shown on the screen of the voting machine. After verification, and after correction if need be, the voter will press the word “vote” on the touchscreen. Thus, his or her vote will be stored in the machine, and it will also be printed on a paper receipt, which the voter must deposit in a ballot box. The voter will then sign the vote registry and stamp his or her fingerprint. The process is finished by soaking the voter’s pinky finger in indelible ink.

  1. Tallying

Ballots cast by voters remain stored randomly in the voting machine’s memory. After the voting process is closed (the legal time is 6:00pm, but extensions are allowed), the device will count them. Results will be reflected on the tally report that will be printed. This process is performed in each of the voting machines distributed across the country.

  1. Transmission

After the tallying is completed, and the tally report or minute is printed, the transmission cable is plugged into the voting machine and the encrypted data is transmitted to the National Tabulation Center. This information travels through a network provided by the government-owned communications company. The aggregation system only receives data from machines that have been verified and authorized by the electoral power.

  1. Audit

After the polling stations have been closed, vote receipts deposited in the ballot boxes are counted in 54% of the stations in order to audit the automated results. After information has been transmitted, a new process begins: physical votes (paper receipts printed by the machine) are compared against the results tallied, printed, and transmitted by the same machine.

This audit is part of the set of 23 reviews to which the Venezuelan system is subjected. This system’s technology is provided by the multinational company Smartmatic. The CNE and political actors agreed to execute inspections before, during, and after the elections, thus guaranteeing the efficiency and effectiveness of the entire process.

The audits include a review of the software used by the voting machines and the verification of the devices’ setup file, inspection of the electoral infrastructure and servers (features, database servers, reception, and query), as well as security protocols (firewall, authentication services, file integrity revision), voting registries, and biometric devices.

Besides, new inspections were incorporated into this process: audit of biometric automation incidents, where 1.5% of the polling centers will be subjected to a revision in order to determine if some people voted more than once; total records with possible identity issues on the database, maximum amount of possible double votes, and votes affected by null identity or multiple votes and their impact on election results.

Venezuela is ready for elections. The system is ready to receive voters and deliver the country a new electoral process where results match the people’s intent by 100%.